Kendriya Vidyalaya, (Hindi: केन्द्रीय विद्यालय) (Hindi for Central School) is a system of central government schools under the Ministry of Human Resource Deveopment, Government of India.
The system came into being in 1965 under the name "Central Schools", and has been affiliated with CBSE since then. Later, the name was changed to "Kendriya Vidyalaya". Its original objective was to educate children of the Indian defence services personnel who are often posted to remote places. With the army starting its own Army Public Schools, the service was extended (but not restricted) to all central government employees. The uniform curriculum followed by these schools all over India ensures that the children of government employees do not face educational disadvantages when their parents are transferred by providing a common syllabus and system of education.
A body known as the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (Central School Organization) oversees the functioning of these schools. It operates from its headquarters situated in New Delhi.
Presently, there are 1086 schools known as Kendriya Vidyalayas, out of which 1083 are in India and three are located abroad. A total of 10,58,450 students (as of 31.03.2011) and 49,286 employees (including outsourced) are on rolls (as of 1.7.2011). These have been divided amongst 21 regions, each headed by an Assistant Commissioner.
The three Kendriya Vidyalayas outside India are in Kathmandu, Moscow and Tehran . They are intended for children of Indian Embassy staff and other expatriate employees of Government of India. One school in Tshimalakha, Bhutan, was transferred to the Bhutanese government, thus having ceased to be a Kendriya Vidyalaya (then known as Indo-Bhutan Central School (IBCS)) in 1989, after one of the major Indo-Bhutan projects (The Chukhha Hydal power project) was near completion and Indian government employees were gradually transferred back to their home country.
There is a common syllabus and bilingual instruction in all schools. They are all co-educational. Sanskrit is taught as a compulsory subject from classes VI to VIII and as an optional subject until class XII, and these days students can elect, [German language]. BBC micro computers were introduced as part of the scheme by the government. The quality of teaching is kept reasonably high by an appropriate teacher-pupil ratio. There are no tuition fees for boys up to class VIII, girls up to class XII and SC/ST students and children of KVS employees.
In a bid to showcase its impressive results in national-level examinations, the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan has started seeking a quality accreditation for its schools. The Quality Council of India (QCI) has accredited four schools so far - KV No.1 Uppal (Hyderabad) KV Hebbal (Bangalore), KV Sector-8 RK Puram (New Delhi) and KV IIT Powai (Mumbai) and the accreditation of KV Ganeshkhind (Pune), KV Aliganj (Lucknow), KV Ballygunge (Kolkata) and KV Khanapara is in the process.
The Students of Kendriya Vidyalaya schools have achieved many achievements under their cap. One of them is to have named a star after one of the Kendriya Vidyalayas. A Star in the sky has been named after Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1 Uppal, Hyderabad due to the efforts of some alumni belonging to the 1982-84 batch of the school and now settled in the USA. The International Star Registry maintained in Switzerland had issued a certificate recording it in the astronomical compendium "your place in the Cosmos". The star named after the school is in the "Ursa Minor" constellation (Laghu Sapt Rishi Mandalam). The group of students passed out their school in 1984 and are now heading top companies in the US. On what led the Class of 1984 to take up the "starry expedition;" Mr.Vikas Sinha, Director at SPSS Inc. Chicago said, "We always wanted to give back something to our school which has instilled in us values and ethics.
The 12 years at school have a profound impact on our personality." Others, who along with Vikas put their school on the top of the world are : Shashi Mehrotra - Chief Investment Officer and Senior Vice President at The Legend Group, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida and M Srikant - CEO of Trianz Corp.
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangatha (KVS) has directed 1083 Kendriya Vidyalayas in 21 regions across the country to introduce the Integrity Club, which was first introduced on a pilot basis in New Delhi in October 2008. Some values highlighted are love, compassion, respect, and non-violence.
Kendriya Vidyalayas also grant admission to students who do not belonging to families of government employees. From the year 2010 students are analysed under the Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) to give out better results. CCE is a new pattern of study for CBSE board students, to identify the social skills of the students and improve the motivation of students about their studies.